My Ssec Capstone Project Week1 Assignment Emmanuel Mbaraga Nishimwe STUDENT ID

Week1 Assignment Emmanuel Mbaraga Nishimwe STUDENT ID

Week1 Assignment
Emmanuel Mbaraga Nishimwe
STUDENT ID: A00984599
Email: [email protected]
MS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Walden University

Assignment of week 1
Q: An explanation of what an information system is

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A: An Information system is the components that make up an information system and the role that those components play in an organization. (“Information Systems”, “2012”).
Q: A description of the major components of an information system
A: An information System is consist by the following components:
• Hardware is physical part of information system that works with information; it consists of input and output devices that works and helps the user to interact with computer system. E.g. monitor, keyboard, processor, hard disk, Flash disk, Optical drive, mouse.

• Software consists of various programs and procedures; it establishes a user interface and gives the instruction according to the user command that tells the hardware what to do. It can be divided into two types: system software and application software. The primary piece of system software is operating system such as windows or IOS, which manages the hardware operation and Application software is designed for specific tasks such as handling a spreadsheet, creating a document or designing webpage e.g. Microsoft office, Adobe, Google chrome, Operating System. (Eric, “2018”)

• A database and data warehouse is where the material that the other components work with resides. A database is a place where data is collected and from which it can be retrieved by querying it using one or more specific criteria. A data warehouse contains all of the data in whatever form that an organization needs. Databases and data warehouses have assumed even greater importance in information systems with the emergence of “big data,” a term for the truly massive amounts of data that can be collected and analyzed. (Eric, “2018”)

• Network component connects the hardware together to form a network. Connections can be through wires, such as Ethernet cables or fiber optics, or wireless, such as through Wi-Fi. A network can be designed to tie together computers in a specific area, such as an office or a school, through a local area network (LAN). If computers are more dispersed, the network is called a wide area network (WAN). The Internet itself can be considered a network of networks. (Eric, “2018”)

• Human consist of device operators and most important component of information systems is the human element: the people that are needed to run the system and the procedures they follow so that the knowledge in the huge databases and data warehouses can be turned into learning that can interpret what has happened in the past and guide future action. E.g. Network administrators, System Specialist, System Analyst. (Eric, “2018”)
Q: A description of the relationship between business architecture, IT architecture, and information infrastructure
A: Business architecture is defined as “a blueprint of the enterprise that provides a common understanding of the organization and is used to align strategic objectives and tactical demands.” People who develop and maintain business architecture are known as business architects. (“Business architecture”, “2018”)
The IT infrastructure is everything that supports the flow and processing of information (hardware, software, data, and networks). (“IT infrastructure”, “2018”)

Information infrastructures can, as formative contexts, shape not only the work routines, but also the ways people look at practices, consider them ‘natural’ and give them their overarching character of necessity. (“Information infrastructure”, “2018”)

The relationship between business architecture, IT architecture and information infrastructure in organization is essential and help an organization to identifier, analyze, which components of the
Current system being developed and ensure that they meet business requirements.

IT architecture provides a blueprint to the organization which show the whole plan that meets the business policies and IT infrastructure which consist of physical components chosen and assembled in manner that best suits the plan after that the IT architects needs to communicate with the organization manager and implementers to ensure that the resulting architecture meets the firm’s business, the manager’s role is to first set business requirements for the desired IS and the next step is then to translate the business requirements into the IT architecture that the system will use, The next step is to translate architecture into infrastructure, this entails adding the actual hardware and software that will be used. (docplayer.net, 2018)
Q: An evaluation of the benefits and drawbacks of at least two options for meeting the organization’s need for grow

A: Organizational Growth is something for which most companies strive, regardless of their size. Small firms want to get big, big firms want to get bigger. …Organizational growth is, in fact, used as one indicator of effectiveness for small businesses and is a fundamental concern of many practicing managers. (B, .n.d)
Benefits for meeting the organization’s need for growth:
• New Product Development: Creation of new products or services is a primary method by which companies grow. Indeed, new product development is the linchpin of most organizations’ growth strategies. (B, .n.d)
• New Markets: Some businesses are able to secure significant organizational growth by tapping into new markets. Creating additional demand for a firm’s product or service, especially in a market where competition has yet to fully develop, can spur phenomenal growth for a small company, although the competitive vacuum will generally close very quickly in these instances. In the last ten years, many small firms have turned to an online marketing presence as a tool for reaching beyond their traditional markets. For those who do not yet market and sell online, this is one area that may be explored. (B, .n.d)
Drawbacks for meeting the organization’s need for growth:
• Organizational growth also has downsides. When growth is too rapid, chaos can prevail. In such a situation a company may see increased sales but a drop in profits. A business may outgrow the skills of its leader, its employees, and its advisers. All those involved are likely to become stressed out trying to keep up with the demands of expansion. (B, .n.d)
• Small business owners seeking to guide their organizations through periods of growth—whether that growth is dramatic or incremental—must plan to deal with both the upsides and downsides of growth. When a firm is small in size, the entrepreneur who founded it and usually serves as its primary strategic and operational leaders can often easily direct and monitor the various aspects of daily business. In such an environment, the business owner and founder understand the personalities within the firm, the relationships that each has with others in the company, as well as with suppliers and customers. Organizational growth, however, brings with it an inevitable dilution of that “hands-on” capability, while the complexity of various organizational tasks simultaneously increases. As small organizations grow, so to do the complexities of managing the organization. There are ways of reducing the complexity by delegating responsibility and installing better date systems but there is no way of avoiding it altogether. (B, .n.d)

References

“Information infrastructure”. ( “2018”, February 28). Retrieved July 16, 2018, from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_infrastructure
“Information Systems”. (“2012”, August 19). Retrieved July 16, 2018, from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org
“Business architecture”. (“2018”, June 10). Retrieved July 16, 2018, from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_architecture
“IT infrastructure”. (“2018”, June 22). Retrieved July 16, 2018, from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IT_infrastructure
B, e. (.n.d). Manuseto Ventures. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from www.inc.com: https://www.inc.com/magazine/201808/zoe-henry/destination-salt-lake-city-utah.html
docplayer.net. (2018). information-systems-strategy-architecture-and-infrastructure.html. In K. P. Saunders, Information Systems Strategy: Architecture and Infrastructure (pp. 25-45). 1807.
Eric, G. (“2018”). Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved July 16, 2018, from “5 Components of Information Systems”: https://www.britannica.com

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