THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE
When it comes to intelligence there are several theories that psychologist like to utilize when conducting tests. Psychologist cannot be sure which one is best, but they can have a theory that they believe can give them the best results. There are four popular theorists that have given the most popular guesses when it comes to intelligence; Charles Spearman, Howard Gardener, and Robert Sternberg. (Rathus, 2012)
Charles Spearman came up with the idea he referred to as “general intelligence” or the g factor. He believed that if a person could excel on a test in one subject, than they are more than likely will score high in another subject as well. Thus, he also concluded that if a person scored low on test, than they would score low on others. He decided that intelligence was a cognitive ability that could be measured and expressed numerically.
Howard Gardner did not focus on test scores because they did not express peoples abilities of human intelligence. He believed that a person could have different kinds of intelligences. He had eight intelligences that were connected to all cultures; visual intelligence depicted that a person showed talents in art and design, linguistic determined an individual was good words, logical skills were connected to numbers and math, bodily those that were good with movements, interpersonal intelligence had good communication with others as intrapersonal was good at self-reflection and naturalistic intelligence was good at appreciating nature and the world. (Cherry, 2013)
Robert Sternberg did not disagree with Gardner’s theory of people having multiple intelligences, but he thought of them as individual talents. His Triarchic Theory was based on three intelligences; analytical, which gave the ability to have problem-solving skills, creative intelligence, was the ability to adapt to new situations using experiences from the past and newly acquired skills and the practical intelligence to adapt to the changes of the environment and to use the knowledge that is learned. (Cherry, 2013)
In my opinion, the theorist that depicts the best explanation of intelligence is Sternberg. His Triarchic Theory of Intelligence best explains the intelligence of people. Growing from a child to an adult we all have to have problem-solving skills to make good decisions, whether if they are educational, work related or personal. We have to learn from different experiences, these are life lessons that we acquire from the past that will influence the choices made in our future. With that being said, we have to adapt to change, because the world around us is doing this constantly.
I do think there should be better ways of testing for intelligence. We cannot best describe one way of testing to better than the other if the entire world is not tested the same. We cannot always tell if one race is smarter than the other based in test. One has to consider the resources used in schools, if the teachers are interested in the students and if they parents are supportive in the education of their children.