There are two types of personality which are classified as type A and Type B and these help determine people’s personalities. Type A personalities are called Introverts. They are usually very quiet, shy and perform better when not under any pressure and they try and avoid social situations. They don’t really talk a lot and need team mates and coaches to help them stay calm to perform well. They are usually better at sports that are individual as they like keeping to themselves. Examples of sports are swimming and golf. Type B personalities are called Extroverts. They are outgoing, friendly, confident and they love talking and being a part of a team and even taking on roles with huge responsibilities such as being a captain of a football team.
A sporting example of an Introvert would be the athlete Rebecca Adlington. Rebecca is an introvert mainly because she most often takes part and competes in sporting events that are classed as individual. Being in an individual event means that she doesn’t have to socialise with people on her team to perform well. She is also an introvert when not taking part in sport this is because she doesn’t like to be in the spot light especially in front of camera’s and she keeps her home life at home and private so that no one knows apart from herself and her family.
A sporting example of an Extrovert would be David Beckham. This is because he loves and much prefers to be talking to people and working with people as part of a team to improve performance. David much prefers to perform in team sports rather than individual sports. Another reason why he is an extrovert is because he was captain for his football team which at the time was for England. Being a captain meant that he was a responsible team worker, has good communication skills and it a very good vocal leader. In the past he has shown that he likes to be in the spotlight in front of all the cameras and talking about his private life so that everyone knows showing that he is sociable and doesn’t care about who knows what in his life.
I disagree and don’t like the type A and type B categories because I don’t agree with the introvert and extrovert’s this is because it explains to us that introverts should play individual. But I do agree with your personality does change when you are with different people or when you are playing sports.
There are theories out there which are used to show how personality can change and how everyone has a unique mixture these theories are called the Trait theory, situational approach, interactional approach, psychodynamic theory and Marten’s schematic view. Different traits will affect sports men and women more than others.
One of the theories is called Marten’s schematic view. Within his view he said that there are levels in personality and there are three of them but they are all relatable to each other. The levels include the psychological core, role-related behaviour and typical responses.
The psychological core is the inner personality within you and is named the “real you”. Within your inner personality it contains your real inner interests, dislikes, beliefs and opinions etc. Typical responses are the way you will typically react no matter what may happen in different situations. As an example a typical response could be that a player made a foul tackle against you and your typical response is to shout aggressively at them because you know that they are not allowed to do this in the game or alternatively you join a new football team and you become very nervous and quiet because you are meeting new team members and you know they will be judging you to see whether you are a good enough player or not. The other idea shown is that behaviour is all down to the circumstance that you could be in at that particular time and how your behaviour will change because of this change in circumstance. An example of this is that when your being a strong, loud vocal leader to your football team and being the best captain you can be for them but with a change in circumstance such as being at school and being a student that has to follow rules and instructions makes you become quieter. This theory to me is understandable and makes sense this is because under many circumstances I have seen that athletes change/adapt their personality and behaviour when they are playing their sport and when they are not. As an example Wayne Rooney has been captain of his football team and this means he has to be responsible, loud and must be encourage able when playing alternatively when he has finished playing and is at training he cannot be a loud player as he must follow instructions and listen to his manager. The view gives me the understanding that behaviour can change under different circumstances and so can typical responses depending on the situation. As an example a quiet footballer like Ronaldo or Messi when they have a foul tackle against them most often they just let it go and get on with the game as quick as possible but sometimes when the situation has changed their typical response will change and could aggressively take it out on the referee because of what the opposing player did to him out of anger. In conclusion my opinion is that everyone’s personality will not stay the same all the time and that it can and will change because of different situations and circumstances.
Advantages include that the theory is understandable and is easily recognisable in the sporting world and the theory has been created for Sport and the athletes and the theory makes an exception that there are many situations that an athlete may find themselves in and because there is an endless amount of situations that an athlete could find themselves in at any given time, any behaviour that the athlete shows could be explained by the theory however this is also a disadvantage.
Disadvantages to this theory includes that the theory is too basic and simple, as an example the brain is far from this and it is not basic and simple so the theory is too simple to break down the brain into three sections, as it is too complexed there must be more to it. Another disadvantage is that the theory states that an athlete’s behaviour will change straight away/as soon as possible when a new situation occurs but this is not always the case as your behaviour can stay the same it all depends on the actual situation. Another disadvantage is that no behaviour for an athlete that is role-related can be repeated as everyone is unique and different so there is no way to prove this part of the theory.