The word “Cosmetics” is known to human race since ages
The word “Cosmetics” is known to human race since ages. At the same time, desire to look good and attractive for every individual also can be identified as the psychological need having been given the upper place in hierarchy for ages.
Cosmetics have been used since the beginning of human civilization. As early as 10,000 BC, men and women rouged their lips and cheeks, stained their nails with henna, and lined their eyes and eyebrows heavily with Kohl. Kohl was a dark-colored powder made of crushed antimony, burnt almonds, lead, oxidized copper, ochre, ash, malachite, chrysocolla (a blue-green copper ore) or any combination thereof.
The earliest archaeological evidence of cosmetics has been traced to Egypt around the 4000 B.C., as evidenced by the remains of artifacts probably used for eye makeup and for the application of scented unguents (Britannica, 2011). During that era, cosmetics were considered as a significant part in the Egyptians dressing. In addition, cosmetics were created for personal hygiene and health, which include oil, creams and skin care product due to the hot Egyptian sun and dry, sandy weather. By the middle of the 20th century, cosmetics were widely used in nearly all societies around the world.
The use of cosmetics fragrances and personal care products can be traced back to ancient times as early as Egyptian, Greek and Roman eras, when people painted their body for religious ceremonies, war, and rituals and each Makeup tattoos and adornments conveyed necessary social information (De Brohun 2011). Besides, archaeological studies made in Iran indicate that history of use of cosmetics is traced back to 10,000 years ago and it wasn’t limited to women only but men also used it as a religious belief and improving their beauty. Iranian women and men for example were used to apply red and yellow colors a cosmetic to paint them 5000 B.C. Greeks also have praised Achaemenians habit of using cosmetics and attribute such use of cosmetics and perfume to eastern people (Godlove, 2011).
Women Environmental Network-WEN (2003) has given the evidence of period of usage of cosmetics in the early ages. The use of cosmetics is nothing new: There are records of cosmetic use throughout history:
~100,000 BC – Evidence that early humans used ochre to paint their bodies
5000 BC – Green copper ore was used as a crude eyeshadow
68-30 BC – Cleopatra bathed in asses milk to ‘improve and whiten the skin’
1610-43 AD – Use of cosmetics encouraged by Louis XIII (France)
1649-58 AD – Use of cosmetics discouraged by Oliver Cromwell
1660-85 AD – Use of cosmetics encouraged by Charles II during the restoration
1700 AD – Poisonous white lead (lead carbonate) was used by many women to coat the face. Many died as a result
1795 AD – the use of powder for wigs in England became so popular that it created a shortage of flour for food.ing we use
The history of the cosmetics industry includes very dark chapters in European and Western countries from about six centuries back. Mixtures and pastes were then used to whiten the face, a practice which remained popular till over four hundred years later. The early mixtures that were used in Europe for this purpose were so potent that they often led to paralysis, strokes or death. In that era, another method that was employed to make the skin appear fairer was to bleed oneself using leeches. Up to the late nineteenth century, women in Western countries may have secretly worn make-up made from mixtures of household products, as make-up was then deemed the domain of film stars. Cosmetics were only openly put up for sale in the early part of the twentieth century for the first time. Tanned or darker skin tones became popular only as late as the early twentieth century. It was in this era that tanning the skin became a popular fad. The history of cosmetics in the 1930s and 1940s shows that how the fashion or trend with respect to lipstick colors was changed annually, getting darker and closer to red every passing year (Swamit Gupta, 2010).
Cosmetic products were once the sole domain of film personalities and stage actors. The use of cosmetics in those eras was restricted to the purpose of making a dramatic effect. However, with the passage of time, women started using cosmetics to highlight their facial features as well. In India beetroot was used to redden the cheeks, while in Western countries, certain chemicals were used to darken the hair. Finally, because of the world-wide demand for make-up for the average person, cosmetics finally became available for sale to the common man. Some common cosmetics include lipsticks and kajal, blush-on or rouge as it is sometimes known, eyeliners, mascaras, foundations and eye shadows.