The tragedy of Julius Caesar
The tragedy of Julius Caesar, is a tragedy by William Shakespeare believed to have written in the 1599. It portrays the BC 44 conspiracy against the Roman men who they believed that he was a dictator Julius Caesar, his assassination and the defeat of the conspirators at the battle of Philippi. It is one of several Roman plays that Shakespeare wrote, based on true events from Roman history which includes Coriolanus and Antony and Cleopatra. Although this play tittle is Julius Caesar, Caesar is not the central character in this actions: he appears only in the three scenes and killed at the beginning of the third act. The protagonist of the play is Marcus Brutus, and the central psychological drama is his struggle between the conflicting demands of honor, patriotism and friendship.
Although the title of the play is Julius Caesar, Caesar is not the central character in its action: He appears in only three scenes and is killed at the beginning of the third act. The protagonist of the play is Marcus Brutus and the central psychological drama is his struggle between the conflicting demands honor, patriotism and friendship, the play reflected anxiety of England over succession of leadership, at the time of it creation and first performance, queen Elizabeth a strong ruler, was elderly and refused to name successor, leading to worriers that world war similar to that of Rome might break out after her death
Brutus is straggling character who evades constant pressure from all sides to gloriously pull through, yet dies at the end of the play. Undoubtedly, Brutus is the main character, and the driving force of the play despite the misleading tittle of Julius Caesar. Brutus is depicted as a noble politician both his friends and enemies speak well of him. He takes part in the conspiracy to assassinate Caesar, thinking that the other conspirators are honest as himself. He believes that the other conspirators, like himself, really want to free Roman people from a dictator. Even Mark Antony who is his enemy, praises him in the funeral by declaring; this was the noblest Roman of them all. All the conspirators, save only he, did that they did in envy of great Caesar, he only, in general honest thought, and common good to all, made one of them. His life was gentle, and elements so mixed in him, that nature might stand up and say to all the world ‘This was a man’ ( Act v scene v)
Brutus plays the central character. Brutus develops as an honorable man who struggle with terrible conflict to remain loyal to his good friend or to his beloved country. Brutus tries hard to do what he perceives to be right. He, one of the leading conspirator who intend to kill Julius, although defeated in the end, Brutus is idealistic and honorable, for he hopes to do what is best for Rome, under Julius, He fears the empire will have merely a tyrant, something of a dreamer. He, unlike the more practical Cassius makes number of tactical errors such as allowing Marcus Antonius to speak to the citizens.
• Cassius: Brutus I observe you now of late.
I have not from your eyes that gentleness
And show of love as I was wont to have
You bear too stubborn and too strange hands
Over your friend
• Brutus: Cassius
Be not deceived. If I have veiled my look,
I turn the trouble of my countenance.
Merely upon myself. Vexed I am
Of late with passion of some difference
Conception only proper to myself,
Which I give some soil; perhaps to my behavior
But let not therefore my good friends be grieved
(Among which number, Cassius, be you one)
Nor construe any further my neglect
Than that poor Brutus, with himself ats was
Forgets the show of love to other man (scene I Act 2 37-53)
Brutus becomes even more sympathetic when the audience realize that Cassius is not only encouraging Brutus to join the conspiracy to murder but also to tricking him. Cassius deceives Brutus by making him believe the citizen of Rome are begging him to protect their freedom. When Brutus does join the conspiracy, he does so believing that their cause is noble. After Caesar’s assassination, when he disapproves of action taken by Cassius, he remains in a very emotional speech why they killed Caesar. He must believe the Caesar’s death was for the good of Rome. According to Brutus, his decision to assassination of Caesar came down to a choice between his love for Rome and his love for his friend
• Brutus: If there be any assembly, any dear friend of Caesar’s, to him I say that Brutus’s love to Caesar was no less than his. If then that friend to demand why Brutus rose against Caesar, this is my answer: not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more. Had you rather Caesar were living, and die all slaves, than Caesar were dead to live all free men? As Caesar loved me I weep for him. (S3 Act2-line 19-24)
Also, Antony declares war on Brutus, but not out of love for Caesar, but out of anger towards the conspirators. Caesar warns numerous people of ensuring tragedies multiple times, and not once is he listened to. Calpurnia cries out terrified three times during the night, ‘help ho-they murder Caesar!’ She begs and pleads Caesar to stay home that day, however, nobody ever pay attention to her dream.
When Brutus sees likeness of Caesar in a dream, Caesar give ominous message implying to Brutus not to go to Philippi “thou shalt see me at Philippi “. The ghost of Caesar unimportant and unbelieved is perceived as a “day dream” Brutus, not paying attention to the dead and gone Caesar, and does not listen, in this sense Caesar does not make strong enough impression upon their other characters.
In the battle between Antony and Brutus, Caesar is often mentioned in their dying words; “thou art revenged, even with sword that killed Caesar that killed thee” these are Cassious dying words. Brutus’s final words are somehow similar. ‘Caesar, now be still; I killed not thee half so good a will”. Their words represent that although final thoughts consisted of evil crime they had committed, Caesar had nothing to do with their deaths Caesar, although a highly respectable man, he had no more influence on the outcome of the play. Brutus dominates his own actions throughout the story.
Then Portia is also dead, Brutus is somehow suffering from losing her wife and then they realize that must be also cluttering Brutus mind. However nobody is able to discover if the tragedy is affecting the thoughts. Along with Portia, Caesar is another thought in his mind, as Cassius want to talk about and mourn of her Brutus moves on “speak no more of her. Give me a bowl of wine. In this bury all thoughts of Brutus has obviously buried all unkindness. Caesar as he was able to do with Portia, Brutus however is only human and at play ends he commit a suicide.
This action may represent a number of unrecognized painful, emotions that resurfaced in Brutus heart. There is no doubt that Caesar was only one of his thought. If that he becomes unfocused due to his wife tragedy.
At the end of the play, a defeated Brutus chooses to die with honor
• Brutus: “Hence, I will follow I Prithee, Stratos, stay thou by thy lord.
Thou art fellow of a good respect.
Thy life hath some smatch of honor in it.
Hold then my sword, and turn away thy face
While I do run upon it. Wilt thou Strato? (Page 132)
Shakespeare reminds the audience that protagonist was an exceptional man, worth of admirations. Antony says this was the noblest Roman of them all.
In conclusion with the flow, the failure to listen to advice and the structure of Shakespeare tragedy, one would Cleary argue that Brutus emerges as a protagonist in all aspects and structure in the play. Julius Caesar. Throughout the play we can see that the tragic flaws brings sort of uniqueness to Brutus and Caesar, but at the end of this tragic flaw leads to their deaths. The failure to listen to advice plays a role in sparking the conflict and story of the play. The structure of Shakespeare tragedy brings together the characters fit these categories, Brutus portrays them when more effectively, in the development of characters and story and fits the structure more clearly and visibly better than Caesar.