The term Postmodernism had emerged as a result of Modernism. In another words, Postmodernism can be considered as a reaction or response to Modernism in the late twentieth century. Postmodernism rejects some views of what Modernism came up with, but not all of them. Postmodernism supported some views of Modernism, it does not differ from Modernism , they seem very much like each other in many ways ; they differ from each other in the concept of attitude towards certain trends . Modernism, for example tends to presents the idea of fragmentation as something tragic, something to be commiserated. Whereas, Postmodernism does not see the idea of fragmentation as something tragic, or something to be lamented, but rather celebrates that. Postmodernism used to describe certain characteristics of post-world war II literature and to reject the idea of Enlightenment implied in Modernist literature. In this chapter, we will see the definition of postmodernism,characteristics and features,and the most famous figures of postmodernism.