The Effect of Internet and Social Media In our Society.
An Annotated Bibliography
Internet and information communication technology, over the years, have been seen as a most convenient means for individual expression. A strong tool to promote social change, and effect transparency in government and associations. The voice has the capacity to reduce corruption in government and all agencies. Most nations today have adopted the E-government as a way of ensuring total transparency to the publics. However, with the arrival of social media and networking sites like My space, Facebook in 2004, Twitter in 2006, our human society have experienced a total shift from industrialization to information age. This is brought about by the advent of internet, social media and cyberspace. There is no gainsaying the fact that we now live in a world where information controls every sphere of human society. Social media and internet has shaped the political environment of the world, created new communities and established a new social order. However, this social change has its implications. As the computer screen brighten with promise for the few, the light at the other end of the tunnel grow dimmer for the many (Noble, 2006). Many social scientists believed that internet and social media is a democratizing force. It has the capacity to connect the most ignored, form virtual communities and effect a change. An example of this is the Arab spring, which started via social media and a great community were formed, people converged and changed the political atmosphere in the region. This bibliography may be significant to understanding the value associated with the internet and social media and the challenges to our society.
Feenberg, A. & Friesen, N. (Eds). (2012), (Re) Inventing the Internet: Springer Science and Business Media. ‘A critical case study, 3-17.
In the journal, Feenberg et al review the controversy and discord surrounding the invention of the internet and the social media; and highlighted the innovative forms of community that emerge and the publics the technology of the internet assemble. The authors use result obtained through a case study of the influence of the internet and social media in our society to try to explain the communities that emerge with the invention of the internet and social media and the significant of such communities as sites of resistance to politics. Their research focuses on assessing the social and political implications of the internet and social media and how its evolution has changed the individual autonomy and political discourse. The journal is useful to my research topic, as Feenberg et al, suggest that what is most innovative socially and politically significant about internet and social media is their capacity to support collective reflection on participant interest. Thus, internet and social media has the power to put those involved in it in contact with each other without meeting face-to-face. The main limitation of the journal is that technology of the internet and social media is constantly in flux and thus what it aimed to achieve might change overtime.
Brown, J.D, Sarah, K. and Stern, S. (2009). Sex, Sexuality, Sexting, ; Sexd: Adolescents and the media, ‘integrated Research services 16(4), 12-17
In this article, Brown et al, studied the effect of internet, social media and medial related devices which includes Movies, television, Music, online content and smart Phones on teenagers. The authors use graphs and tables to make a comparison between positive and negative effects of social media and media related devices on the adolescents; whereas teenagers spend reasonable amount of time a day online, exposed to online content which may not be appropriate for their age. The researchers focus on discussing how the twenty-first century teenagers under this study uses internet access and social media devices to access and view pornography or sexually related content. The article also suggests certain steps that should be taken by adults working with teenagers to guide them while at the same time, understand the value of social media and media devices in the lives. The article is relevant to my topic because it is quite informative and can be used to analyze teenagers’ behavior and decision to allow their continued exposure to unsupervised use of the internet, social media and media related devices
Webster,F. (2014). Theories of the Information Society. Routledge: A Journal of social science, 1-9The author analyzed how information has transformed the world and how social media and internet has greatly shaped societies, politics, game of political power and economy. He utilized theories which he termed “Theories of the information society” to describe how government and policies could be changed by the informed society. He defined media and social media as a democratizing force through which the once ignored are mobilized. The article points out the political revolution in the Arab world using it as a reference in explaining the effect of social media -information on our societies. The political change took place as a result of the influence of twitter, Facebook and phone messaging services which were used to disseminate information. The author maintained that an informed world will certainly change lives, human relationships, government agender, religion, associations and the entirely world. This journal is useful to my topic, as it offers a more insight on the future other the information society, providing evidence that as the technology of the internet continue to evolve, our democracy will be perfected.
Livingstone, S., ; Brake, D. R. (2010). On the rapid rise of social networking sites: New findings and policy implications. Children ; society, 24(1), 75-83.
In this journal, Sonia et al, discusses the adoption of social networking sites which include Facebook, twitter and Instagram in our societies. The authors found that social networking sites has opened new opportunities for a human associations and relation, learning, networking and keeping in touch with a larger, more diverse circle of friends both real friendship and virtual friendship. The researchers, however, found that there are potentially unavoidable harmful outcomes of social networking sites usage such as loss of privacy, cyber-bullying, and more. Livingstone and Brake notwithstanding, discuss the trade-offs that exist between the positive and negative outcomes of these sites. They maintained that education on how to use these sites is necessary so as to protect the users from the negative consequences associated with social networking sites. The article is useful to my topic because it is informative and educative. It is relevant because the source can help show the positive and negative effect of using social media or social networking sites.