The clothing of Ancient Egypt is distinguished by its functionality and at the same time grace. Characteristic for it are simple cuts, practicality and geometric shapes. Evolved the ancient Egyptian costume, both male and female, very slowly, gradually, becoming more and more layered and intricate.
The material for the Egyptian garment was mainly linen and cotton fabrics, as well as leather, then the range was replenished with transparent lightweight fabrics, for example, fine linen. The most popular color of clothes was white, however, over time, patterned multi-colored fabrics were distributed. Patterns and ornaments on the fabric had a symbolic meaning. Often these were images of plants, animals and insects, including a scarab beetle, which served as an amulet and a symbol of resurrection.
Men’s Clothing of Ancient Egypt
At an early stage of the development of the Egyptian kingdom, men’s clothing was extremely simple and represented only an apron of dense fabric. It could have an oval, rectangular or geometric shape. Then the apron began to be combined with a bandage of white draped fabric – kentini. The upper part of the body was adorned with a massive necklace, similar to a collar, it was called sukh.
Over time, the length of the apron and shenti increased, the draperies became more complicated, and the shenti itself was fastened to the waist with a belt.
In the era of the Middle Kingdom, the men’s clothing of Ancient Egypt has changed somewhat: several schemes have been used simultaneously. They dressed each other, which changed the silhouette a little. Later, men began to wear several layers of clothing, and the apron and kenti turned into something like underwear.
Women’s Clothing of Ancient Egypt
Like the men’s, women’s clothing of Ancient Egypt was characterized by laconicism and simplicity. At first it consisted of a straight-fitting sarafan that held on one or two straps and was called kalaziris. His length reached the ankles, his chest remained open. Nakedness, apparently, did not embarrass the Egyptians at all. In the Middle Kingdom, women’s clothing of ancient Egypt becomes pleated, often pleating resembled a pyramid. The shoulders of women, as well as those of men, are adorned with a – a massive necklace on a fabric basis. Various decorations played the role of accessories, transforming a fairly simple apparel, so they were used very actively, as well as bright make-up.
In the era of the New Kingdom women’s costume has changed significantly. The old garments were left to commoners, while the noble women over the traditional Kalaziris began to wear cloaks that were beautifully and painfully draped, leaving one shoulder naked. Kalaziris turned into a kind of underwear, however, light and transparent fabrics almost did not hide it.
Egyptian men and women like to make-up and like to apply green or black eye shadows.
1, Pharaoh never saw his own hair, he always wore a crown or a headdress called “nemes”, which was a streaky headband.
2. In order not to let the flies fall on Pharaoh’s body, Pepi II asked several slaves naked to stand nearby and apply honey to their bodies.
3, Egyptian children are not dressed when young, until they grow up to their teens. In ancient Egypt, the climate was hot, there was no need to wear too many clothes, adult men like women wearing short skirts.