My Ssec Capstone Project Since there would still be a demand for meat considering the western diet

Since there would still be a demand for meat considering the western diet

Since there would still be a demand for meat considering the western diet, a good alternative that would be more environmentally friendly and could save a lot of water would be rotational grazing and grass fed livestock. Rotational grazing is the practice of dividing sets of pastures for a set period time for grazing. Once one pastures has been completely grazed, they rotated the cows to another pasture that’s been at a resting state of growth (Undersanders, Albert, and Cosgrove, 2002). This allows for grass to grow back while still getting maximum efficiency out of the cattle. A large complication that the meat and agriculture industries have currently is that they exhaust the land to the point that nothing can be grown from it and it becomes useless. Rotational grazing is not only creating healthier grass fed beef but it’s also saving land from losing its value. In addition, it is not wasting water on crops that demand too much water or facility to hold the livestock. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, the cattle get 70 to 80 percent more water from the grass and therefore require 50 percent less water than an average cow in a factory. Furthermore, while factories regularly worry about water contamination due to feces, in rotational grazing cattle droppings are used as manure to help the grass grow back in the used pastures.
This method does come a disadvantage that it would not produce as much meat as the current meat industry. Potentially, the price of meat could double due to its extensive process. Considering the consequences of the loss of water though, having meat be a luxury product should be dispensable. In actuality though, economically rotational grazing could be more beneficial, “…graziers averaged about $200 more per cow net farm income than confinement dairy farms”(Undersanders, Albert, and Cosgrove, 2002). Rotational grazing has way more benefits in comparison to its disadvantages such as encouraging reforestation. Since land is not being stripped away to create factories, more plants in turn creates more condensation and moisture in the air which then promotes more rain. That is the most important advantage of changing the way our current meat industry works, by producing a system that is significantly more environmentally friendly and assist the hydrologic cycle produce more water.
Another method of water conservation is through new methods of agriculture called permaculture. Also known as permanent agriculture, permaculture is an agricultural ecosystem based on utilizing the natural environment to be sustainable and self-sufficient. A main concept of permaculture is water management. In the article, “Water Management For Every Permaculture Farm”, the author, William Horvath, discusses how to manage water, how to assess the water needs, and how to store water in the soil. The author introduces water management by explaining the main priority of water conservation, “There are two basic strategies of water conservation on a permaculture farm: storing water in the soil and the diversion of surface water to dams/ponds and tanks for later use; storing it on the surface.” Permaculture, a system of restorative agriculture, can be implemented in California as a water conservation technique. Permaculture restores the fertility of the soil, even the most damaged soil, and through the administration of native resources in a sustainable way, allows the conservation of agroecological systems permanently and obtaining up to thirty percent more in productive yield, through some agricultural techniques, such as the use of composting and the recovery of organic matter to convert it into fertilizer. This technique allows the soil, on the one hand, to maintain humidity longer, thus being able to further delay irrigation, providing on the one hand an economic saving and on the other hand the decrease in water consumption. Rainwater harvesting could be another technique that would also help water conservation in California. It is estimated that only in Los Angeles in a normal storm 10,000 million water gallons are channeled to the Pacific ocean, thus squandering fresh water for human consumption and crop irrigation. More infrastructures are needed to capture rainwater since most of the water that falls on the city of Los Angeles and all across California goes to the ocean. According to the Department of Water and Energy (DWP) of Los Angeles, this is beginning to be considered a loss of water resources for a city that imports more than 85 percent of the drinking water it consumes. Even the government of California is contemplating the possibility that home owners of California obtain a tax exemption for capturing rainwater in their yards.Reuse water resources is other subject pending in California and worldwide. The term recycled water, defines the processing of waters that have been previously used so that these after treatment can be suitable for new uses and ready for reuse. The global estimate is that currently only four percent of all water consumed is reused, being the United States one of the countries with the largest volume of recycled water worldwide. The most common uses of recycled water are reuse for municipal uses in parks and gardens as well as in industrial uses. Although the volumes of recycled water used are very small, we can predict that it will increase in the near future by incorporating the gray water recycling system in all of California’s cities. Currently there are some technology companies in California that have already implemented the use of recycled water with double plumbing in their buildings. This recycled water they are using to fill toilets and urinal flushing, as well in the water circuit in their cooling towers. Right now, there are official departments identifying and investigating possible additional uses for recycled water, such as the use of recycled water for cleaning streets or more industrial uses. I hope this trend continue increasing in the coming years
The water crisis is no longer the concern of future grandkids. At the rate that the meat and agriculture industries are running right now without any concern for the freshwater available, it will be a potential sabotage to the millennial generation and even some of their parents. Water is the most vital resource that humans need to survive. It is an urgent devastation that will lead to the loss of life as we know it. Occupying meat farming is no longer a concern about human health or animal rights, but about the absurd amount of water that is wasted on a product. Rotational grazing allows humans to keep a lifestyle that it so desperately wants to maintain while also preserving our resources. The catastrophic consequences losing water entails urges that it’s time to start taking it seriously. We can no longer misuse water, institutions need to be created to preserve it.