Principle of Totality of a Human Person
– To promote human dignity in community, every person must develop, use, care for, and preserve all of his or her natural physical and psychic functions in such a way that…
a.) Lower functions are never sacrificed except for the better functioning of the whole person and even then with an effort to compensate for this sacrifice.
b.) The basic capacities that define human personhood are never sacrificed unless this is necessary to preserve life.
– To be a complete human being is not merely having the higher level of functions but to have all the basic human functions in harmonious order.
– Human body functions contribute to higher functions not merely by supplying what is needed for physiological functioning, they also supply part of the human experience that is essential to human intelligence and freedom.
– The good of the part is essentially subordinate to the good of the whole. – In case of danger to itself, the whole can dispose of the part for its own benefit.
– In a living physical organism such as the human organism, the parts by their very nature exist for the sake of the whole.
Conditions for Principle of Totality
1. That the organ by its deterioration in function may cause damage to the whole organism or at least pose a serious threat to it.
2. That there is no other way than taking the indicated action against it or obtaining the desired good result.
3. That the damage being avoided to the whole is proportional to that which is caused by the mutilation or incapacitation of the part. – This principle of totality does not apply to moral organization (family, society, and humanity), a person is still independent. He is not a subordinate to any group. He is the subject, principle, and end of all social institutions.