New born babies will generally lie on their backs with their head to one side
New born babies will generally lie on their backs with their head to one side. They have primitive reflexes like sucking for feeding and grasping to touch. Over the coming weeks, hand and eye co-ordination will begin to develop. They begin to see objects at a distance of 25cm. They will begin to kick their legs, wave their arms and may be able to hold objects placed in their hands for a few seconds. As they begin to establish head control, their eyes will begin to follow people and objects. They will gradually begin to roll over and whilst on their front, start pushing their head, neck and chest off of the floor. They will begin to pull themselves up into a sitting position and as muscular strength improves, they will be able to sit unaided. They may begin to shuffle and crawl, then progressing to standing and cruising, whilst holding on to furniture. By 12 months, some babies may already be walking. Once mobile, they will begin to explore their surroundings. Often crawling up the stairs, but then having difficulty getting down again. They may start showing hand preference and enjoy self-feeding by using the middle finger, forefinger and thumb in a pincer grip.