My intermediate ESL learners has problem in their reading. As I have researched so far, I have found few right techniques to help them to learn faster and develop their reading skills. Ideally, the goal is to have them understand in English, rather than spend the time translating the words to their native language, which is where reading comprehension can fail miserably.
As for the first technique is, scanning the text first. Before the students read aloud, they have to scan the text. They should be able to get the gist of the article or story they are about to read. This helps them to demonstrate how to scan. It can be tough too to do this in a different language, so showing the students on a projector or whiteboard how to run through an article. They should be able to quickly read the subheadings and bullet points to pick up the main ideas. As in to practice, I’ll be giving out the students a passage to read and have them skim the content. Then, I will ask what they point of view of the article or story about. I’ll point out the important words they should have picked up on.
Besides that, looking up unfamiliar words. There are bound to be words that my students don’t know as they read. I’ll have them mark these or write them down, so they can look up the unfamiliar words in a dictionary. Making use of English dictionary is the most important part as in to read, for someone who is not sure of the words they read and get the accurate definition to it. Instead of translating the word.
Furthermore, one of the other ways of developing reading skills in intermediate ESL learners is testing the students. I’ll ask my students relevant questions, and then asking the to keep an eye out for the answers while they are reading.
Questions might include:
• What is the main character feeling?
• Where does this story/ article take place?
• When does the story/ article take place?
• What is the point of this piece?
• What does the main character look like?
Finally, having students writing down questions is a technique of developing reading skills. While they are reading, they should write down anything they are curious about or don’t understand. I’ll ask them to read out their questions after everyone has read the passage and encourage discussion among the students. If there is an idiom that someone doesn’t understand, I’ll see if anyone else in the class gets it and can explain it.
When everyone is familiar with how to improve their comprehension, I’ll get them reading. It’s such an integral part of everyday that my students need to learn how to quickly grasp the information they are reading. The best way to do that is through practice.
There are few activities for intermediate ESL reading comprehension. Fiction versus nonfiction. Both fiction and nonfiction have pros and cons. Chances are high that students will be using more nonfiction reading than fiction at this point in their education. In many cases, textbooks, recipes and other practical guides are going to be used by the students more than novels or storybooks. However, it’s a good idea to give them some experience in each type of reading. When it comes to nonfiction, I’ll make them to look at newspapers, magazines and online texts that the students can read for practical reasons. Another option is where to ask them to bring in interesting clips that they have found. This all but also ensuing the pieces will be the right level for the class, so I can take a day or two to review the text before using it in class.
Moreover, choosing an appropriate passage. Whatever piece that has been given out to the students to read, should be appropriate for their level. While intermediate students can certainly handle more difficult pieces with some new words, the passages are meant to develop reading comprehension. This means the student should be able to read the piece fairly and rapidly and pick out information from it. It’s better to skip anything that is inappropriate content-wise, as well. It might end up losing students if handing them a risqué article from Cosmo magazine, so keep it clean and simple. Many passages that are designed specifically ESL students, can be surveyed from online. Whatever it’s been handed out to the students, should be something they can relate to. Such as choosing food articles or other stories that will be something the students can read without finding themselves completely out of their element.
Besides that, giving the students quizzes. The best way to ensure that students understand the passage they just read is to ask them questions. Giving them quiz on the main points of the story, but in order to include some details as well. Students may pick up on the big things and completely miss the little mentions of details that could change the entire shape of the story or article.
Activity can be implied to intermediate ESL learners is the use of worksheets. The internet is packed with awesome ESL worksheets for common books, or even with their own passages. Can be easily created one, as well. If it is a large class, it can be difficult to gauge reading comprehension by just asking questions verbally. Creating a worksheet will help to see exactly who needs extra help. Most important thing that is needed is Microsoft Word or another simple writing program to create a worksheet. The teacher has to write down the questions he/she wants to ask the students and leave space for an answer. Make sure everyone writes their name at the top, so the teacher can see at a glance who understood and who didn’t.
In addition, having the students to create a map. Having the class to draw maps after they have read the passage. Hang all the maps on the wall and see who drew the most accurate one. And once the students have finished making their maps, the teacher can draw one on the chalkboard while soliciting key information from students. For example, they might shout out where each piece of furniture is located in a room, or the teacher could ask what is on the north side of the park. The teacher can use Google Maps to have each student plot a route from the text according to directions.
Next, follow written instructions. Another great way to get those ESL learners working on their comprehension is to write instructions on the board at the beginning of class. The teacher can prohibit speaking and make a point of writing everything down. Students will have to follow the teacher’s instructions in order to complete the day’s class. Alternatively, the teacher has to try a fun reading comprehension test with an activity. The teacher must give students a recipe to make in groups of two or three or have them build something through written instructions only. The results can be hilarious, and everyone will have a lot of fun laughing at their mistakes. It’s also a very visual way to see if they understood what they read. The teacher could also have the students write out a couple of paragraphs explaining how to do something, and then trade with another student. Each student will have to follow their partner’s written directions to complete the task or activity.
Last but not least, read, read, read! The next step is to get the class reading! The teacher must pick something fun and interesting and have them read it in class. Make sure the students are practicing all the reading skills mentioned above. Soon, they’ll be reading for fun in English. If the teacher discovers that some of the students are a little behind their peers, he/she can send homework home with them. The written instructions ideas above all make excellent homework that students will enjoy.