Located in the Northern Hemisphere
Located in the Northern Hemisphere. Europe in 2011 had the most international tourist arrivals with approximately 504 million with Southern/Mediterranean Europe having the most international tourist arrivals with 182.2 million and with the country of Italy having the most international tourist arrivals with 46,119 million. “Europe is the second-smallest continent and has 50 countries within its continent. It has coastlines along several seas, including the Atlantic Ocean, Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and the Caspian Sea”. Factors and/or process that contribute to Europe having 300 million plus international tourist arrival in 2011 is due to the climate of Europe. More specifically the climate of Southern/Mediterranean Europe. Southern/Mediterranean Europe is known for hot dry summers and mildly warm winters. The conditions of Southern/Mediterranean Europe climate which is known for warm to hot dry summers and mild winters attracts large number of international tourists to Nice, French Riviera’-France, Cote Dazur -Italy, Majorca – Spain, as when holidaying many tourists choose to follow the sun. This Mediterranean climate is also responsible for France being the top tourist destination by international arrivals. This Mediterranean climate could also be why France is the top destination to visit by tourist arrivals in 2011, as it contributes to dry summers of south-eastern France, this climate could be appealing to international tourist as it allows summer/warm activities all year round. This is a natural factor. A cultural factor and/or process of the 300 plus million tourist arrivals to Europe would be there known status for amazing historical architecture, this can be seen all over Europe but more so in Spain, France, Rome and the UK some of this well-known architecture includes the Eiffel Tower, Notre Dame, The Colosseum, The Leaning Tower of Pisa, Big Ben, many known Cathedrals and so much more. The unique architecture is what brings the 300 plus million international tourists to Europe and is also why France is the top tourist destination by international arrivals in 2011.
Located in the Eastern Hemisphere. In 2011 Asia and The Pacific had the second most international tourist arrivals with approximately 217.0 million with North-East Asia having the most international tourist arrivals with 115.8 million with China being the country with the most international tourist arrivals with 57,581 million. “Asia-Pacific or Asia Pacific is the part of the world in or near the Western Pacific Ocean.” Asia and the Pacific include four sub-regions which are North-East Asia, South-East Asia, Oceania, and South Asia. The reasoning behind why Asia is a popular tourist destination could be attributed to the climate. “Some of the largest daily temperature ranges on Earth occur in western sections of Asia”. The climate of Asia is different all over the continent, southern Asia is known to be mild to hot, while in north-eastern parts of Asia such as Siberia is extremely cold and perfect for winter activities. Climate conditions is the Pacific are completely different from Asia, the Pacific has an oceanic climate, this means it generally includes cool to mildly warm summers and winters, that can occasionally drop without notice. The Pacific generally produces a temperature range that is annual. The climate of these two destinations attributed to the 100 – 299 million international arrivals as Asia and The Pacific contribute to all types of tourist whether they are looking to sun-bathe on the beaches of White beach in the Philippines, or the Coromandel in New Zealand or to the snow seeking tourist to ski on the mountains of Hakuba in Japan. A cultural factor and/or process that contributes to the 100 – 299 million international tourist arrivals is the combination of ancient customs and cultural mixed within the western world. The core regions of the Asian cultural that bring in tourist are Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, South Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. In these places you can see a distinct line between the ancient Chinese culture which is over 5000 years old, and the western world, this can mostly be seen in Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong. Where heritage buildings are mixed in with skyscrapers and traditional Chinese Qipao dresses are worn along with them wearing fashion from the western world, it can also be seen in the food culture from McDonalds to traditional Chinese restaurants. This also very similar to Pacific culture, where they have combined their beliefs which have been passed down for many years and then westernised these beliefs to give a more modern take on their lifestyle and beliefs, this can be seen in the Cook Islands and Fiji. This combination of culture from ancient China, and years of Polynesian beliefs being passed down and the culture of the western world being incorporated in the culture of these places is what brings the 100 – 299 million international arrivals to Asia and The Pacific.
The Americas more specifically known as North America and South America, located in the Western Hemisphere is the third top tourist region by international tourist arrivals in 2011 with approximately 156.8 million and with North America providing 101.7 million of those international tourist arrivals with the country of United States having the most international tourist arrivals of 62.325 million. The sub-regions of the Americas are North America, South America, Central America and the Caribbean. A natural factors and/or process that contribute to the Americas having 100 – 299 million international arrivals is the climate of the sub-regions within the Americas boundary more specifically the Caribbean and North America. The weather across North America widely varies in some states there is the classic warm summers and cold winters, and in others it is either constant sun such as in Florida and Southern California or constant cold weather such in Alaska. The most popular destinations to visit in the Americas (North America) are states in America which have an endless summer such as Southern California and Florida, this is when it is only slightly colder in the winter but still quite warm, these states attract 100 – 299 million international tourist arrivals as most tourist follow the sun when they are holidaying. The Caribbean has a tropical climate, that averages temperatures such as 26°C, these temperatures don’t usually drop below 15°C or go above 37°C, it’s perfect sun-bathing weather, this type of climate can be seen on Cuba, Havana and all the other islands of the Caribbean. This Caribbean climate also contributes to the 100 – 299 million international tourist arrivals. One cultural significance that the United States celebrate is Thanksgiving this North American Tradition does not bring in tourist as it is celebrated in a few other countries and many tourists do not understand the point of celebrating it. However, the Caribbean is full of culture that does attribute to the 100 – 299 million international tourist arrivals the “Caribbean’s culture has historically been influenced by that of African and Amerindian traditions.” The Caribbean comes from a diverse cultural background of people such as Arawaks, Caribs, Dutch, Spanish, Scottish, British, African, and Asians. This diverse cultural background has added their own culture into many traditions and customs, especially in the food category, the food culture is mainly influenced by Indian, Spain, Africa and China. There are dishes that display this diverse culture. This unique combination of culture in food is what brings the 100 – 299 million international tourist arrivals to the Caribbean as it allows a tourist to try a bunch of different food influenced from cultures over the world.
Located in the Eastern Hemisphere. Africa in 2011 had of 50.2 million international tourist arrivals with approximately 33.1 million going to Sub-Saharan Africa. Africa is the world’s second largest. Located in the Northern Hemisphere. In 2011 The Middle East had of 55.4 million international tourist arrivals with around 17,336 million visiting Saudi Arabia. “The Middle East is a transcontinental region centred on Western Asia, Turkey, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia”. A natural factors and/or process that contribute to the Africa and the Middle East having 0-99 million international tourist arrivals is both of their climates. Africa is the hottest continent on earth and around 60% of the continent is desert. Africa seems to average around 34 °C all year round, but the continent is known to have severe increases in temperature. The Sahara regions such as Algeria and Mali have the hottest temperature and the coolest temperatures are across the south sections of the continent. The Middle East is also pretty consistent with its climate and only has two seasons, summer and winter which is referred to hotter and hot. The average temperature for the Middle East usually sits around 40 °C but like Africa is known to have a severe increase in temperature in a short time. Rain is not very common in the Middle East, so it to is known for its dry land like Africa. These temperatures are the cause of Africa and Middle East having 0-99 million international tourist arrivals, while many tourists follow the sun, these temperatures are too hot for many people from other countries as they have never experienced temperatures like this before, so they do not know how they would react temperatures, meaning some tourist will not bother travel to Africa or more specifically Algeria and Mali or to the Middle East more specifically Kuwait and Iraq. A cultural factor and/or process that contribute to the Africa and the Middle East having 0-99 million international tourist arrivals is the Arab culture Arab now is a cultural term, not a racial term, and Arabic people come from various ethnic and religious backgrounds, the Arab culture is prominent in North Africa and the Middle East. “There are 21 Arab countries which are: Algeria, Bahrain, the Comoros Islands, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen”. Most Arabs believe that most of life’s events are controlled by God, and that man is dependent on the fate which is determined by God and is powerless in controlling many of life’s events. The Arab culture is relied on their faith, their faith is responsible for its 0-99 million international tourist arrivals, because their faith is so strong and they are family orientated, tourism is not as welcomed as in other westernised destinations.