Leslie Donald John
IT 104 Section
September 28, 2018
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Every individual in this 21st century love fast internet browsing, downloading music, videos, social media, and more. In a year or two, there will not be any problems such as slow browsing the internet, downloading, video buffering, and uploading, due to fifth generation network. Fifth generation (5G) is the future generation of mobile internet browsing, in which phones and tablets will use for data. Although still on the verge of completing it or introduce it to the world, it is believed to be the fastest data coverage in the history of network communication. Mechanisms are put in place and ready for the breakthrough of finalizing everything. The technology is believed to change the world’s views of data coverage, and goals are set to be better than any home or office WIFI. This paper provides the overview of the most modern generation of technology (5G), its legal and ethical issues, social concerns, and its importance to the society.
In the year 2012, telecommunications company’s around the world came together in the International Telecommunications Union and announced the launching or the scheme of the fifth generation (5G) innovation center at the University of Surrey in England. This was the world’s first innovation center set up to research and test the 5G network communication mobile research. Major Europeans companies came together and set aside $960 million to fund the research and development of the fifth generation (5G) mobile networking. A seven-year scheme span was set to meet the goal of finalizing and launching it in early 2020. The main aim or goal was to launch and test the development of the new generation of browsing by either 2020 or even 2019. In 2014, three countries, China, Korea, and Japan announced their research and development of 5G, which they believe will only take them five years to create it. This was a major step in the creation of the fifth-generation network, as telecommunication companies all around the world were on standby to hear the good news. The fifth generation (5G) internet is still on the verge of completing but believed will surface and be available to the public by the year 2020 (5G 2018).
According to the secretary General of International Telecoms Union (ITU), Houlin Zhao, the fifth generation will transform the lives of people in the digital era. “According to him, smart 5G systems will soon be essential to meet the data intensive demands of billions of people who are using ever-growing amounts of video daily.” He emphasized that the technology will have a great power to make a better life for people through better healthcare, smarter cities, efficient University systems, and enhanced manufacturing sector (“ITU Scribe”). He described the fifth-generation technology, as the backbone of tomorrow’s digital economy. He also mentions the importance of the network through uploading and downloading videos. 5G will bring faster data speeds, reliable connectivity for everyone, and low latency to International Mobile Telecommunication (IMT). This networking is going to boost data transfer freely, create opportunities for new applications and software’s, collaborations, in connectivity homes, offices, public spots, and different areas in advanced transport data sharing (“ITU Scribe”)
Legal and Ethical Issues
Energy efficiency of battery-equipped wireless devices is one main challenge or issues in 5G wireless networks. Energy efficiency or saving is very important when it comes to operating devices with network activities. “Energy harvesting technology is an appealing solution that can harvest energy from environmental energy sources (e.g., solar and wind ener- gy) and even from ambient radio signals (i.e., RF energy har- vesting) with reasonable efficiency over small distances” (Liu 2016). Due to this, energy harvesting technology can be used to assist 5G wireless networks in energy harvesting CR. Another ethical issue will be the increasing in intensive interference in 5G multi-tier networks, due to the more development of wireless mobile devices. Traffic load, imbalance due to a number of access restrictions indifferent tiers will lead to serious slow of data connection of the fifth generation (5G) networking. The performance may be seriously degraded or tampered with, which will lead to massive amount of interference that will slow the connection. Hence, energy harvesting CR will be able to aid 5G network and its devices to perform efficiently and may reduce or even avoid interference caused by other networks and devices (Liu 2015).
Security issues are already catered for or put in place when it comes to securing the fifth generation (5G) network. Cloud computing is one mechanism put in place to play a vital role in securing the 5G network in service delivery. The mobile cloud computing kicks in when user’s data entered are stored at a third party, especially when making use of mobile internet architecture. Cloud computing will play a very essential role in providing infrastructure and security in the running of the 5G network.
Software-defined networking (SDN) is another security scheme designed to aid the fifth generation (5G) technology. Software-designed networking makes it easier to optimize data forwarding, and it separates the brains of data forwarding. It is an approach to design, build, and manage networks with the aim of securing data and networks (Yan).
Social problems or issues involves the effect the 5G network will have to the public if something happens. Challenges of the network may include overcrowding communities, reliability in connections, and to achieve high data RATES (5GBPS) at the application layer, by sending wide carriers in new spectrum bands with new technology. Some people believe by 2020, the densely crowded places will not have a very good coverage or experience of internet service. India is one of the many places scared of such experience. Measures are considered to be put in place, to address such issues (Srinjoy Nag Chowdhury).
Further Required Research
Researchers continue to work with each other simultaneously to discover or unlock new ideas about the network and then continue to grow and increase connectivity of the data. A maximum number of researchers is needed in order to increase their site of analysts to generate knowledge and theories from different data produced all over the world. Although they believe the future is uncertain, but the path is being paved or set for them to converge, providing the promise of exciting things to come in the future (French).
The fifth-generation technology will be the fastest mobile data because it involves all the other old generations on it. It’s a mixture of 3G and current 4G LTE put together to make the most reliable LTE available in the world. Researchers believe it will be a big hit, and the years of research and money invested on it will be worth the wait. More job opportunity, healthcare, faster browsing the internet, and many more benefits makes it excite for people to think about it. It will be so secure and will scare of internet frauds, as the security mechanism put in place is considered to be one of the securest. Early 2020, the 5G will be ready for use and expected to live up to its potentials. According to CNBC news, the fifth-generation technology, will have a capacity of 100x the previous generation of technology. It’s not only capacity that will be the difference, but also the fast response of it. 5G will also provide a much more personalized web experience using a technique called network slicing. 5G is believed to become could become the connective tissue for the internet of things (CNBC international, 2018). “The history of 5G is being made…now. It is being born into a competitive world where mobile network operators, system vendors and regulators will shape what eventually emerges. If all goes well new 5G systems could begin to be rolled out from around 2020 (nearly 30 years after the first GSM systems were rolled out)” (5G 2018).
5G. (2018). Retrieved from http://www.gsmhistory.com/5g/CNBC international. (2018). What is 5G Image. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2DG3pMcNNlw
French, Aaron & Shim, Jung. (2016). The Digital Revolution: Internet of Things, 5G and Beyond. Communications of the Association for Information Systems. 38. 10.17705/1CAIS.03840.
ITU scribe lists importance of 5G in a digital era. (2017, May 18). This Day Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1899621812?accountid=14541Liu, Y., Zhang, Y., Yu, R., & Xie, S. (2015). Integrated energy and spectrum harvesting for 5G wireless communications. IEEE Network, 29(3), 75. Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.mutex.gmu.edu/docview/1689331632?accountid=14541
Srinjoy Nag Chowdhury, Saniya Dhawan, “Evaluation of key performance indicators of smartcities by Delphi analysis”, Recent Trends in Electronics Information & Communication Technology (RTEICT) IEEE International Conference on, pp. 337-342, 2016.
Yan, Z., Zhang, P., and Vasilakos, A. V. (2016) A security and trust framework for virtualized networks and software?defined networking. Security Comm. Networks, 9: 3059–3069. doi: 10.1002/sec.1243.