My Ssec Capstone Project Kelley Berridge Professor Vecchio PHIL/RLST 207 10 October 2018 Right to Bear Arms Pros Controlling the number of citizens who own guns does nothing to impact the number of citizens who are murdered

Kelley Berridge Professor Vecchio PHIL/RLST 207 10 October 2018 Right to Bear Arms Pros Controlling the number of citizens who own guns does nothing to impact the number of citizens who are murdered

Kelley Berridge
Professor Vecchio
10 October 2018

Right to Bear Arms Pros
Controlling the number of citizens who own guns does nothing to impact the number of citizens who are murdered. In other words, more gun owners do not equal more murders. According to Kates (2003), the racist background of gun control, minorities suffer from a higher murder rate than white citizens. Which is a historical issue, dating back to the end of the Civil War in 1865, States persisted in prohibiting blacks, now freemen, from owning guns under laws renamed "Black Codes." (2018, October 06). The important fact to consider is that minorities have a lower gun ownership rate than whites (2003). What this says is that there is no correlation between gun ownership rates and murder rates. Legitimate gun owners are not going out and committing homicide. “Current gun control laws are frequently aimed at the inner city, poor, black communities who are perceived as more dangerous than white gun owners.” (2018, August 29) If they were, then the white community would have a higher murder rate to coincide with the higher gun ownership rate, and there would be a lower murder rate in the African-American community.

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P1: Minorities own fewer guns in relation to whites.
P2: Whites have a lower murder rate than minorities.
C: Therefore the gun ownership rate does not reflect the murder rate of white or minorities.

People who commit life-threatening violence are not ordinary law-abiding citizens who, because of the availability of a gun, become violent people. In an article about life-threatening violence, G.S. Elliott (1998) says that most of the people involved in life-threatening violence, like murder, “…have a long criminal record with many prior contacts with the justice system” (Sect.IV). These are not everyday people who abide by the law. Elliott (1998) goes on to say that “…crime is a part of their lifestyle” (Sect.IV). What this means is people who commit murder and other life-threatening crimes are almost always career criminals.
Vernick, Hodge, & Webster (2007) say that homes, where guns are owned, are “…2.7 times more likely to be the site of a homicide of a household member compared with non-gun-owning households” (p.671). They go on to say that in a separate study “…adults in homes with firearms had a 41 percent higher homicide risk than adults in homes without firearms.” Homicides and other life-threatening crimes are not committed by law-abiding citizens (2018, August 29). The people committing the homicides, mass shootings, and other gun-related violence are criminals or people looking to gain something, who may have many arrests and much experience with the criminal justice system, or even behavioral problems throughout their lives. According to Vernick, Hodge, & Webster (2007), the number of homicides would not decrease; what would change would be the weapons used to commit the crimes.

P1. Almost all law-abiding citizens will not commit life-threatening violence.
P2. Almost all people who commit life-threatening crimes, such as murder or aggravated assault, are career criminals and have previous experience within the justice system.
P3. Therefore people who commit crimes with guns will not abide by gun control laws.

P4. Violent criminals commit murder in gun-owning homes.
C1: Violent criminals will probably not obey restraining orders.
C2: Therefore, law-abiding citizens do not need gun control.

The second amendment states: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” That brings the question: what is a militia in regards to a word today? In regards to 1776, it would mean, “a body of citizens enrolled for military service where full-time duty is required only in emergencies.”(2013, February 18) People can use guns for self-defense, even they are violently targeted by their perpetrators. It is only right to allow gun ownership, mainly for this reason. A study conducted in 2018 found that 91% of the 1,153 court cases with claims stating a government action or law violates the Second Amendment between the 2008 DC v. Heller decision and Feb. 1, 2016 failed (2018, June 14). Having the guns makes people feel safer and protect themselves from any abuse, especially women mostly targeted for sexual violence by men in almost every place such as university settings, workplace, streets and every other place. Additionally, three-fifths of a group of polled felons stated that they would not try to mess with an armed victim. An armed victim will not hesitate to shoot when they feel that their life is threatened therefore felons will tend to stay away from them. Research done by Jurgen Brauer,also shows that around 2.3 average deaths of a shooting incident were stopped by a citizen who owned a gun. Similarly, 1,527 criminals were killed each year (2014).

P1. Gun control is wrong
P2. The Constitution guarantees us the right to bear arms
P3. Gun control infringes on our right to bear arms.
C: Therefore gun control is wrong on the aspect of infringing on constitutional rights

P1. Gun control takes away an aspect of self defense
P2. Women would have no strong protection against sexual violence
C: We may conclude that gun control would take away protection against sexual violence.

Brauer, J. (2014). The US Firearms Industry Production and Supply. Small Arms Survey.
Retrieved from
Black Codes (United States). (2018, October 06). Retrieved October 7, 2018, from
Blocher, J., & Ruben, E. (2018, June 14). The Second Amendment allows for more gun control than you think. Retrieved October 9, 2018, from
Elliott, D.S. (1998). Life-threatening Violence is Primarily a Crime Problem: A Focus on Prevention. University of Colorado Law Review 69 (Fall, 1998). Retrieved from
Kates, D. B. (2003). Democide and Disarmament. SAIS Review 23(1), 305-309. Johns Hopkins University Press. Retrieved October 10, 2018, from Project MUSE database.

Meaning of the words in the Second Amendment. (2013, February 18). Retrieved September 7, 2018, from (2018, August 29). Gun Control Retrieved from
Vernick, J. S., Hodge, J. G., & Webster, D. W. (2007, December 1). The Ethics of Restrictive Licensing for Handguns: Comparing the United States and Canadian Approaches to Handgun Regulation. Retrieved October 8, 2018, from