he article And Still WE Rise: Parent–Child Relationships, Resilience, and School Readiness in Low-Income Urban Black Families.Was about how the majority of black urban families with children struggled to put them into school to have an education. Due to lack of resources, financial status and poverty, it briefly talks about how they were emotionally affected physically and mentally.
And still we rise: Parent–Child Relationships, Resilience, and School Readiness in Low-Income Urban Black Families
Anderson, Riana. Elyse. “And Still WE Rise: Parent–Child Relationships, Resilience, and School Readiness in Low-Income Urban Black Families.” Journal of Family Psychology, 14 Sept. 2017
Advance online publication
In the article And still we rise: Parent–Child Relationships, Resilience, and
School Readiness in Low-Income Urban Black Families, written by Riana Elyse
Anderson University of Pennsylvania. They were many cause and effect this
article was trying to solve. One of the main problem was the experiment psychological
testers were trying to solve to form 292 self participants that came from Black
families medium sized urban Southeastern city. The experiment was made in
three different groups, adding people randomly in each group of participants.
Each group is children attending after school program for kindergarteners, low-
performing schools in high-risk neighborhoods from 2013–2015. Both randomly
assigned treatment and control families were included in the sample for this
study. No distinctions were made between the groups since data reported in this
study were collected prior to the intervention. Family who submitted into an
application were accepted into the program. This meant they were eligible to form into the experiment. Target schools were also included in the experiment study based on their poverty risk status. To obtain different results.
In other words this article was trying to solve which three different group variables it had financial stress, general stress, and parent-child relationship conflict or all three of those factors. Due to living in poverty, school reediness, child relationships,and black families facing their community. Since children and families are being tested randomly, this experiment is consider independent variable its measuring a behavior that is exhibited by a participant therefore this is why theirs “292” participants joining the experiment and a well black medium sized urban southeastern families were joined. Most parents were female with a 95% percent, the majority of the parents were “biological mothers”, including grandmothers with a 6% and lastly fathers 5% and those with aunts barely a 2% percent according to them living in an actual home. At the end of the experiment psychological testers major conclusions drawn that poverty was the main conflict in every person and children in the urban Black family community only, “Although evidence suggests that families with the relatively lowest financial strain, general stress, and parent– child conflict have children with more skills in parent-reported and directly observed school readiness criteria, families differentially reported some of the stressors of poverty that were associated with varying degrees of school readiness.” Text from article page 8. Also children with parents in low stress/ low conflict had the most percentage higher with child assessed child academic performance, parents reported as psychosocial and social emotional.
Since both children and parents are harmed with conflict relationships going to school doesn’t allow them to be social and are suffering in psychological manner. This shows among many different adversities, cultural, or race we should all perform a comprehensive solution to help families, children, individuals, among other residences to obtain services of any kind that can support them to grasp thought education, relationships between parents and school age children in urban low income black families or any different cultural family financially and stabled. In the experiment what was interesting how they divided three groups randomly such us families, children, moms, grandmothers fathers, and aunts to find the solution to which groups had the most average high percentage or lowest financial stress, general stress, and parent-child relationship conflict to find the most solution possible. The article could not improve the study because it was about only “Low-income Urban black families” meaning they were all urban black families and children tested. Therefore there’s no improve in the study but they could of improved gathering other black families that are actually financially stable and children have a good education, have a stable home, good income, and transportation to see if in any similar way they both connect through “stress” Also adding other people in the community to the experiment and see if they are relatable to the experiment. Overall this article gave sufficient information that obtain a lot of results and solution about “Parent–Child Relationships, Resilience, and School Readiness in Low-Income Urban Black Families.” and how people went
through based on the experiment and details given in the article.