Enzymes are organic proteins that help chemical reactions occur in all living organisms and are found all over nature. They can be affected by a handful of factors like temperature, ph., enzyme concentration, substrate concentration and the presence of any inhibitors or activators. Enzymes are catalysts that help accelerate reactions, remarkably they are not changed in reactions, instead the substrates are converted into products when they bid to the enzyme active site. All enzymes have a specific function, this means that they are specialized for a certain substrate and will only ever react with that substrate.
All enzymes have specific structures, this allows them to carry out so many different tasks. They are considered the most structurally sophisticated molecules known, inevitably their structure and function vary immensely (Urry et al. ,2016). Each protein has an exclusive three-dimensional shape.
In this lab we tested the effect of the enzyme peroxidase. This enzyme catalyzes the oxidation of organic substrates by transferring hydrogen and electrons from the substrate called guaiacol to hydrogen peroxide