My Ssec Capstone Project BY MAUREL WAMBUA A RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED IN FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE IN COMMUNICATION AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES OF JOMO KENYATTA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY

BY MAUREL WAMBUA A RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED IN FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE IN COMMUNICATION AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES OF JOMO KENYATTA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY

BY

MAUREL WAMBUA

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

A RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED IN FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE IN COMMUNICATION AND DEVELOPMENT STUDIES OF JOMO KENYATTA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE AND TECHNOLOGY.

OCTOBER, 2018

DECLARATION

This research project is my original work and has not been presented to any other examination body.

________________________________ ____________________________
Maurel Wambua Date
Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and
Techonology, Kenya

This research project has been submitted for examination with the approval of my supervisor.

________________________________ ____________________________
Prof. Date
JKUAT, Kenya

DEDICATIONS

To my loving family for encouragement and continuous support throughout my studies.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I highly acknowledge my supervisor and all other individuals who had significant role towards ensuring that this research proposal was completed. I thank my supervisor for tirelessly working hard without giving up till I submitted this work.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PAGE

DECLARATION ii
DEDICATIONS iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
LIST OF TABLES ix
LIST OF FIGURES xi
ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMES xii
OPERATONAL DEFINATION OF TERMS xiii
ABSTRACT xiv
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem 6
1.3 Purpose of the Study 7
1.4 Objectives of the Study 7
1.4.1 General Objective 7
1.4.2 Specific Objective 7
1.5 Research Questions 8
1.5 Significance of the Study 8
1.6 Scope and Limitations 8
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW 11
2.1 Introduction 11
2.2 Theoretical Framework 11
2.3 Conceptual Framework 12
2.3.1 Parents’ Level of Education Status 15
2.3.2 Parental Level of income 15
2.3.4 Family Size 18
2.3.4 University Dropout 21
2.4 Empirical Review 22
2.5 Critique of Existing Literature 24
2.6 Research Gaps 26
2.7 Summary 28
CHAPTER THREE 30
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 30
3.1 Introduction 30
3.2 Research Design 30
3.3 Location of the Study 30
3.4 Target Population 31
3.5 Sample Size 31
3.5.1 Sampling Procedure 32
3.6 Research Instruments 32
3.6.1 Questionnaire 32
3.7 Pilot Study 34
3.7.1 Instrument Validity 34
3.7.3 Instrument Reliability 34
3.8 Data Collection Procedure 34
3.9 Data Analysis Techniques 35
3.10 Ethical Considerations 35
CHAPTER FOUR 37
DATA ANALYSIS, PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION 37
4.1 Introduction 37
4.2 Response Rate 37
4.3 General Information on Respondents 38
4.3.1 Gender 38
4.4.2 Parents Level of Education Statements 42
4.5. Influence of Parental Income on Student Dropout Rate 42
4.5.1 Parents /Guardians Occupation 44
4.5.2 Parents /Guardians Occupation Statements 46
4.6 Influence of Family Size on Student Dropout Rate 47
4.6.1 Number of Family Members 49
4.6.2 Family Size Statements 49
4.7 Dropout Rate From Kenyan Public Universities 50
CHAPTER FIVE 53
SUMMARY OF THE STUDY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 56
5.1 Introduction 56
5.2 Summary of the Study Findings 56
5.3. Conclusions of the Study 59
5.4 Recommendations. 59
5.5 Recommendations for Further Research 60
REFERENCES 61
APPENDICES 66
APPENDIX 1: LETTER OF INTRODUCTION 66
APPENDIX 2: QUESTIONNAIRE 67

LIST OF TABLES

Table 3.1 Sampling Frame 28
Table 4.1 Response Rate 38
Table 4.2 Gender 38
Table 4.3 Age 39
Table 4.4 Working Experience 39
Table 4.5 Marital Status 40
Table 4.6 Parents/Guardian Level of Education 41
Table 4.7 A crossectional table showing the relationship between parent education and drop-out from university 41
Table 4.8 A crossectional table showing the relationship between parent education and drop-out from university 42
Table 4.9 A crossectional table showing the relationship between parent education and drop-out from university 43
Table 4.10 Parents /Guardians Occupation 45
Table 4.11. A crossectional table showing the relationship between lack of family income and drop-out from university 45
Table 4.12. A crossectional table showing the relationship between lack of family income and drop-out from university 46
Table 4.13. A crossectional table showing the relationship between family income and drop-out from university 47
Table 4.14. A crossectional table showing the relationship between poverty and drop-out from university 47
Table 4.15. A crossectional table showing the relationship between poverty and drop-out from university 48
Table 4.16. Number of Family Members 49
Table 4.17. A crossectional table showing the relationship between family size and unlikeliness for completion of university education 49
Table 4.18. A crossectional table showing the relationship between family size andunlikeliness for completion of university education 50
Table 4.19. A crossectional table showing the relationship between family size factors and drop-out from university 51
Table 4.20. A crossectional table showing the relationship between lack of basic needs and drop-out from university 51
Table 4.21. A crossectional table showing the relationship between number of students admitted is higher than the number of students who complete degrees and drop-out rate from university 52
Table 4.22. A crossectional table showing the relationship between class attendance and drop-out rate from university 53
Table 4.23. A crossectional table showing the relationship between absent in class and drop-out rate from university 54
Table 4.24. A crossectional table showing the relationship between absent in class and drop-out rate from university 54
Table 4.25. A crossectional table showing the relationship between absent in class and drop-out rate from university 55

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 2.1: Conceptual Framework 15

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMES
GNP Gross National Product
EFA Education For All
HELB Higher Education Loans Boar ()
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

OPERATONAL DEFINATION OF TERMS

Socio-economic factors are the factors that emanate from societies social and economic way of life that affect the learners schooling (Kimondo, 2007)

ABSTRACT
The main objective of the study is to describe the background characteristics of students that influence the dropout rate from Kenyan public universities. The study specifically aimed to establish the influence of parental level of education on the drop-out of students from public universities in Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, determine the relationships between the parental level of income and dropout of students from public universities in Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology and find out the influence of the family size on drop-out of students from public universities, in Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology. The research adopted a descriptive survey design. The study was carried out at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), Kiambu County. The target population for the study was 12 staff and 15 students (Year 3 ; 4) at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT). The study applied a stratified random sampling technique to select a total of 27 people for this study. The main data collection instruments were the questionnaires containing both open-ended and close-ended questions with the quantitative section of the instrument utilizing both a nominal and cross sectional tables.. A pilot study was carried out to test the reliability and validity of the questionnaires. A descriptive statistics data analysis method was applied to analyze data aided by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to compute responses frequencies, percentage and mean. The findings were presented using tables and charts. The study established that parental level of education and drop-out of students went hand in hand and that the drop-out was influenced by the level of education of the parents. It was noted that parental income influences student drops out i.e. if the parents have no income their children may drop-out of college. The study noted that students dropped out of public universities either from big families or even when all their basic needs are met. This indicated that the family size is an important factor in influencing the dropout rate of students. The study concluded that parental level of education, parental income, and family size. The recommendations were that parents should be encouraged to come up with new strategies of increasing their earnings so as to increase their income and be able to pay fees for their children. Parents should be made aware of the importance of children education through seminars at the University and at the County level. The principals of the schools should come up with strategies to promote completion rate among students in public universities like motivating the students, guiding and counseling them and starting student’s welfare that will look into problems faced by them in college. The government and private agencies should intervene and provide more funds in the universities as bursaries so as to help students from low-income families finish their university education. The Ministry of Health should create awareness on the importance of family planning so that parents can easily manage to educate their children.

?

x

Hi!
I'm Ava

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out