Arlene Crossan History 1301 Unit 1 writing assignment 9/7/2018 The Jamestown Settlement
Unit 1 writing assignment
The Jamestown Settlement (pg. 41)
England’s Tobacco Colonies
https://www.britannica.com/place/Jamestown-ColonyI’ve searched many different websites and found the most reliable and important information on this website. This website went into a lot of detail and made me understand this topic more in depth. Furthermore, I’m delighted I picked this topic as got to learn more about the Jamestown settlement and what it has become today.
According to America: A Concise History, colonies hoped for a quick profit. All they wanted was to “dig gold, load gold” (pg.41) The adventures lacked access to fresh water, refused to plant crops and quickly died off. “our men were destroyed with cruel diseases, as Swellings, Fluxes, Burning Fevers and by warres” There plan was to dominate the local Indian population ran up against the presence of Powhatan.
One interesting fact is that most Indian tribes of the region were part of the Powhatan empire, with Chief Powhatan as its head. The colonists’ relations with the local tribes were mixed from the beginning. The two sides conducted business with each other, the English trading their metal tools and other goods for the Native Americans’ food supplies. At times the Indians showed generosity in providing gifts of food to the colony. On other occasions, encounters between the colonists and the tribes turned violent, and the Native Americans occasionally killed colonists who strayed alone outside the fort.
Another interesting fact is that in the autumn of 1609, after Smith left, Chief Powhatan began a campaign to starve the English out of Virginia. The tribes under his rule stopped bartering for food and carried out attacks on English parties that came in search of trade. Hunting became highly dangerous, as the Powhatan Indians also killed Englishmen they found outside the fort. Long reliant on the Indians, the colony found itself with far too little food for the winter. As the food stocks ran out, the settlers ate the colony’s animals such as horses, dogs, and cats, then turned to eating rats, mice, and shoe leather. In their desperation, some practiced cannibalism. The winter of 1609–10, known as the Starving Time, took a heavy toll. Of the 500 colonists living in Jamestown in the autumn, fewer than one-fifth were still alive by March 1610. Sixty were still in Jamestown; another 37, more fortunate, had escaped by ship.
Lastly a fact I wasn’t quite aware of was that Argall chanced to learn that Powhatan’s daughter Pocahontas was staying with Japazeus. Argall resolved to kidnap her and ransom her for English prisoners held by the Powhatan Indians and for English weapons and tools the Powhatan had taken. After persuading Japazeus to cooperate, Argall seized Pocahontas and brought her to Jamestown. He sent a messenger to Chief Powhatan with his demands. Powhatan freed the seven Englishmen he had held captive, but an impasse resulted when he did not return the weapons and tools and refused to negotiate further. Negotiations finally broke down altogether.
The interesting person I found during my reading was Mistress Forrest (Margaret Foxe) and her maid servant Anne Burras, were the first two women to come to the Virginia Colony, in what is known as the Second Supply, aboard the English ship the Mary and Margaret (or Mary-Margaret, both names appear in the records) under Captain Christopher Newport to resupply the colony at Jamestown, Virginia.
After reading this section in the book and doing the research online The Jamestown Settlement was the first successful permanent English settlement in what would become the United States. The settlement thrived for nearly 100 years as the capital of the Virginia colony