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3.6.2.1 Interview
The interview is a vital instrument to collect data because it is an active process which involves a face to face in between researcher and participants discussion. It enables the researcher to be clear on some complex issues related to the study. In this study, the researcher were used qualitative interviews to gather information from Mekane Selam town urban development house and construction sector leaders, health extension workers, hospital and health sector managers and the two executive kebele leaders purposely, in order to get in-depth information about the real practices and challenges of solid waste management in the study area. Open-ended interviews were prepared so as to get detail information from the above respondent’s.
The interview were used standardized open-ended interview, all questions asked semi structured. This enables the researcher to control the length and focus of the interview, the researcher focuses on the topic on hand and gain additional possibilities that the participants strength stay away from the topic.
3.6.2.2 Focus Group Discussion (FGD)
According to, (Bryman, 2008) Focus Group Discussion (FGD) would be as an instrument for gathering qualitative data. To gain insight into public knowledge, attitudes and perceptions regarding to that focused area, Focus group discussion (FGD) naturally emphasizes a specific theme or topic that explores in depth with the weight on the joint building of meaning. The technique allows for the development of an understanding of why people feel the way they do about a specific issue.
The researcher conducted focus group discussion with 7 purposively selected sanitation and beautification workers. It helped the researcher to get very important and depth information on the facts, views, ideas, opinions and realities of the practices and challenges of solid waste management
3.7 Data Analysis Techniques
According to Singh (2006), “analysis of data means studying the tabulated material in order to determine inherent facts or meanings. It involves breaking down existing complex factors into simpler parts and putting the parts together in new arrangements for the purpose of interpretation”. Therefore, the following quantitative and qualitative data analysis techniques were used to interpret the data obtained from all respondents.
3.7.1 Quantitative Data Analysis Techniques
Quantitative data analysis is the statistical representation and manipulation of data for the purpose of describing and explaining the phenomena that observations reflect (Babbie, 2011).
In analyzing quantitative data the researcher were utilized the latest version of statistical package for social sciences software (SPSS V.20) for the data gathered from questionnaires. In analyzing the data descriptive analysis were used to analyze the frequency and percentage of respondents’ response and their level of agreement or disagreement with the given statement under each type of questions.

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